After an organ transplant the first thing that should come across your mind is that you want to take care of the new organ that you just received!!!!!!
What is the purpose of anti-rejection drug?
Anti-rejection drugs also known as immunosuppressants, helps suppresses the immune system so the body can accept the new organ. When a new organ is implanted into the patient's body, the patient's immune system may recognize the new organ as foreign and will reject it.
What kind of anti-rejection drugs are out there?
Anti-rejection drugs have two categories
- Induction agents: These are powerful anti-rejection medication that is used at the time of the transplant.
- Maintenance agents: These are the anti-rejection medications that is used for long term.
- Calcineurin Inhibitors:
- Antiproliferative Agents:
- Mycophenolate Mofetil
- Mycophenolate Sodium
- mTOR Inhibitor:
Are there side effects with these drugs?
- Tacrolimus causes: tremor, hair loss, headaches and increase chance of developing diabetes
- Cycloporine causes: hair growth, gum enlargement, and tremors. Sadly if you are bald, this will not help you grow hair.
- Sirolimus causes: rash, bone marrow problem (low platelets, low white count), swelling of ankle, bubbly urine
- Prednison causes: weight gain, water retention, diabetes, acne and bone thinning
Is anti-rejection the only thing you need to do after transplantation?
This is a both yes and no. After an organ transplant you have to take your anti-rejection drug daily to prevent your body from rejecting the new organ. However, after 6 months to a year, the anti-rejection drug doses are generally lowered and this will also make the side effect lowered. It is also recommended that you exercise and adopt to a healthy diet and lifestyle. Lastly, you should go to the doctors for check ups and vaccination.